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Quality Assurance - Drug use in Food Animals

By: ROBERT SPENCER
SMALL FARMS SPECIALIST
ALABAMA A&M UNIVERSITY
The prime objective of farmers and ranchers is to raise a profitable, marketable, and safe product. There are various medications and vaccines available today that reduce lose from disease and illness, but these products must be used in a safe and responsible matter. When sending livestock to market it is the individual’s responsibility to ensure that the product is wholesome: free of illegal drug residues, minimized risk of harmful organisms, and minimized carcass blemishes.
Drugs given to goats IM (intramuscularly - in the muscle) should never be given in the rear leg. This is the prime cut of meat on a goat carcass and the damage is considerable due to the smaller size of the carcass compared to cattle. Intramuscular injections should be given in the neck. Unless the animal is in poor condition there is a lot of muscle tissue in this area. Give the injection in the side of the neck, about half way down. When possible give injectable medications SQ (sub-cutaneous - under the skin), this is the preferred method of giving vaccines and most antibiotics to goats. Follow proper techniques when giving injections. Use one draw off needle in the medication bottle to avoid contaminating its contents. Also use a clean sterile needle on each animal whenever possible. This prevents transmission of disease from animal to animal and prevents secondary bacterial infections (and abscesses) at the injection site.

Avoid Carcass Blemishes
Handle animals carefully - minimize bruising

Restrain animal when giving medication

Inject SQ (sub-cutaneous) instead of IM (intramuscular) when possible

Use the smallest needle possible - 20 or 22g x 1/2" for SQ and 18 or 20g x 1" for IM

Use one needle to draw medication from the bottle, use different needles to inject animals.
 

Minimize the need to use medications on slaughter animals by providing proper feeding, housing, and management. Proper vaccination for your area and conditions are also helpful. Use medications properly, follow label directions, and record withdrawal times. Drug residue is not only caused from injected drugs but drugs that are ingested and certain topical treatments. Work with your veterinarian when using off label products. Differentiate between breeding and market animals; make sure he is aware of what type of animal (breeding or market) is being treated. There are several effective drugs that are not approved for food animals. If you have a valuable breeding animal that is not going to enter the food chain (cure them or bury them) make sure your veterinarian is aware of this. There are only eight products approved by the FDA (US FARAD) for use in goats.

FDA Approved drugs for goats

• Fenbendazole
• Neomycin
• Thiabendazole
• Nitrofurazone
• Deccox
• Monensin
• Morantel tartrate
• Thiabendazole

Types of Drugs

  • Antibiotics
  • Drugs used for metabolic and nutrition problems; also used to provide support therapy

penicillin
naxcel
tetracyclines

vitamins
minerals
probiotics
electrolytes

  • Anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Preventative management compounds

steroids - Dexamethazone
Banimine

vaccines
betadine
Nolvason

  • Sedative and pain reduction
  • Parturition and reproductive management drugs

Aceapromizine
ketamine
Phynalbutazone

oxytocin
estrogen
Estramate
prostaglandins

  • Anthelmintics & Anti-parasitic
 

Ivomec
Panacur
Rumensin
Cylence

 

 
 


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